Sophie is on a mission. You can call her Agent S. Like any good spy, Sophie knows how to be safe. She helps her brother stay away from danger too. They watch for speeding cars. They avoid strangers. And they never goof around on the school bus!
Affordances of Space, Social Awareness, and Social Influence
Author: Geri Gay
Pubpsher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
The integration of ubiquitous mobile computing resources into physical spaces can potentially affect the development, maintenance, and transformation of communities and social interactions and relations within a particular context or location. Ubiquitous mobile computing allows users to engage in activities in diverse physical locations, to access resources specific to the location, and to communicate directly or indirectly with others. Mobile technologies can potentially enhance social interactions and users' experiences, extend both social and informational resources available in context, and greatly alter the nature and quality of our interactions. Activities using mobile devices in context generate complex systems of interactions, and the benefits of ubiquity and mobility can be easily lost if that complexity is not appreciated and understood. This monograph attempts to address issues of using and designing location-based computing systems and the use of these tools to enhance social awareness, navigate in spaces, extend interactions, and influence others. Table of Contents: Introduction / Space, Place, and Context / Creating a Sense of Presence and Awareness with Mobile Tools / Mobile Computing: A Tool for Social Influence to Change Behavior / Ethical Issues and Final Thoughts
The concept of aware systems is among the most exciting trends in computing today, fueled by recent developments in pervasive computing, including new computers worn by users, embedded devices, smart appliances, sensors, and varieties of wireless networking technology. Context-Aware Pervasive Systems: The Architecture of a New Breed of Applications introduces a diverse set of application areas and provides blueprints for building context-aware behavior into applications. Reviewing the anatomy of context-aware pervasive applications, this resource covers abstract architecture. It examines mobile services, appliances, smart devices, software agents, electronic communication, sensor networks, security frameworks, and intelligent software agents. The book also discusses the use of context awareness for communication among people, devices, and software agents and how sensors can be aware of their own situations. Exploring the use of physical context for controlling and enhancing security in pervasive computing environments, this guide addresses mirror worlds and elucidates design perspectives based on a declarative programming language paradigm. This carefully paced volume presents a timely and relevant introduction to the emergence of context-aware systems and brings together architectures and principles of context-aware computing in one source.
Tomahawk, an end-of-the-road town in the Wyoming mountains, where nothing ever happens and the people there appreciate it, is about to have a wake-up call that could be its last. A wounded mountain lion, starving and dying, eats something that falls out of the sky. The people also end up infected through a contaminated lake water supply. Animals become smarter and the people discover and indulge their animal natures...to fatal consequences for all. It becomes a fight for survival, for all species, and into this sudden and dangerous turmoil comes a teenager, Owen Temple, orphaned and with an aunt he doesn’t know. He meets a rough tomboy, her editor father, a veterinarian and a game warden. Together, they will have to fight for survival, while protecting the rest of the few inhabitants--some of which are undergoing horrible transformations and are as dangerous, if not more so, than the animals which are now cleverly lethal. The people will have to adapt, and quickly, or perish. They are so preoccupied with understanding what’s happening, fighting for survival, and trying to control their sharpened senses, that they barely have time to wonder who…or what…is causing the crisis.
This book describes new tools for front end analog designers, starting with global variation-aware sizing, and extending to novel variation-aware topology design. The tools aid design through automation, but more importantly, they also aid designer insight through automation. We now describe four design tasks, each more general than the previous, and how this book contributes design aids and insight aids to each. The ?rst designer task targeted is global robust sizing. This task is supported by a design tool that does automated, globally reliable, variation-aware s- ing (SANGRIA),and an insight-aiding tool that extracts designer-interpretable whitebox models that relate sizings to circuit performance (CAFFEINE). SANGRIA searches on several levels of problem dif?culty simultaneously, from lower cheap-to-evaluate “exploration” layers to higher full-evaluation “exploitation” layers (structural homotopy). SANGRIAmakes maximal use of circuit simulations by performing scalable data mining on simulation results to choose new candidate designs. CAFFEINE accomplishes its task by tre- ing function induction as a tree-search problem. It constrains its tree search space via a canonical-functional-form grammar, and searches the space with grammatically constrained genetic programming. The second designer task is topology selection/topology design. Topology selection tools must consider a broad variety of topologies such that an app- priate topology is selected, must easily adapt to new semiconductor process nodes, and readily incorporate new topologies. Topology design tools must allow designers to creatively explore new topology ideas as rapidly as possible.
Consciousness, not matter, is the ground of all existence, declares University of Oregon physicist Goswami, echoing the mystic sages of his native India. He holds that the universe is self-aware, and that consciousness creates the physical world.
Second International Workshop, MATA 2005, Montreal, Canada, October 17 -- 19, 2005, Proceedings
Author: Thomas Magedanz,Ahmed Karmouch,Samuel Pierre,Iakovos Venieris
Pubpsher: Springer Science & Business Media
The beginning of the twenty-first century is characterized by global markets, and the mobility of people is becoming an important fact of life. Consequently, the mobile user is demanding appropriate technical solutions to make use of customized information and communication services. In this context the notion of next-generation networks (NGNs), which are driven by the convergence of the entertainment sector, the mobile Internet, and fixed/mobile telecommunications, is emerging. Such NGNs are aggregating a variety of different access networks and supporting the seamless connection of an open set of end-user devices, and due to the adoption of an all-IP network paradigm they enable a much better integration of voice and data services. Coincidently the buzzword ‘fixed mobile convergence’ (FMC) describes the current trend towards providing common services across fixed and mobile networks resulting in the medium term in the full integration of fixed and mobile telecommunication networks. The adoption of appropriate middleware technologies and the provision of - called service delivery platforms driven by the ongoing innovation in the field of information technologies provides today the technical foundation for supporting terminal, personal and service mobility and thus the implementation of real seamless information and communication services. Furthermore, users are nowadays looking, in light of an omnipresent service environment, for a much higher degree of customization and context awareness in the services they use. The papers in this volume look at these enabling mobility-aware technologies and their use for implementing mobility-aware and context-aware applications.
Bridging People and Software Through Process Technology
Author: Marlon Dumas,Wil M. van der Aalst,Arthur H. ter Hofstede
Pubpsher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
A unifying foundation to design and implement process-awareinformation systems This publication takes on the formidable task of establishing aunifying foundation and set of common underlying principles toeffectively model, design, and implement process-aware informationsystems. Authored by leading authorities and pioneers in the field,Process-Aware Information Systems helps readers gain a thoroughunderstanding of major concepts, languages, and techniques forbuilding process-aware applications, including: * UML and EPCs: two of the most widely used notations for businessprocess modeling * Concrete techniques for process design and analysis * Process execution standards: WfMC and BPEL * Representative commercial tools: ARIS, TIBCO Staffware, andFLOWer Each chapter begins with a description of the problem domain andthen progressively unveils relevant concepts and techniques.Examples and illustrations are used extensively to clarify andsimplify complex material. Each chapter ends with a set ofexercises, ranging from simple questions to thought-provokingassignments. Sample solutions for many of the exercises areavailable on the companion Web site. Armed with a new and deeper understanding, readers are betterpositioned to make their own contributions to the field andevaluate various approaches to a particular task or problem. Thispublication is recommended as a textbook for graduate and advancedundergraduate students in computer science and information systems,as well as for professionals involved in workflow and businessprocess management, groupware and teamwork, enterprise applicationintegration, and business-to-business integration. A Solution's Manual is available online. An Instructor Support FTPsite is also available.
Author: Natalie Depraz,Francisco J. Varela,Pierre Vermersch
Pubpsher: John Benjamins Publishing
This book searches for the sources and means for a disciplined practical approach to exploring human experience. The spirit of this book is "pragmatic" and relies on a Husserlian phenomenology primarily understood as a "method" of exploring our experience. The authors do not aim at a neo-Kantian "a priori" new theory of experience but instead they describe a concrete activity: how we examine what we live through, how we "become aware" of our own mental life. The range of experiences of which we can become aware is vast: all the normal dimensions of human life (perception, motion, memory, imagination, speech, everyday social interactions), cognitive events that can be precisely defined as tasks in laboratory experiments (e.g., a protocol for visual attention), but also manifestations of mental life more fraught with meaning (dreaming, intense emotions, social tensions, altered states of consciousness). The central assertion in this work is that this immanent ability is habitually ignored or at best practiced unsystematically, that is to say, blindly. Exploring human experience amounts to developing and cultivating this basic ability through specific training. Only a hands-on, non-dogmatic approach can lead to progress, and that is what animates this book. (Series B)